How Do You Get Viral Meningitis – Meningitis is swelling of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. There are different types of meningitis, but most are caused by viruses or bacteria. Viral meningitis can make you very ill, but it often has no long-term consequences. Bacterial meningitis is much more serious. It progresses rapidly and can cause permanent damage or even become life-threatening.
Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent some potential long-term side effects. If you have symptoms of meningitis, contact your doctor immediately. Anyone can get meningitis, but it is more common in babies, children and teenagers.
How Do You Get Viral Meningitis
The central nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord and nerves. Meningitis is an infection that causes the membranes that protect the nervous system to swell. Inflammation of the brain and spinal cord can affect all parts of the body. Fever and other symptoms can appear suddenly and develop very quickly, causing devastating consequences.
Viral Meningitis Images, Stock Photos & Vectors
Headaches can be an early warning sign of meningitis. Residual headaches may be a problem for some time. Brain inflammation can cause a variety of problems, including cognitive problems and seizures. Problems with memory and concentration can last long after the illness has passed. Children may have persistent learning difficulties.
Brain swelling can also affect your senses. This can cause tinnitus (ringing in the ears), partial hearing loss or deafness. This can cause speech problems. Sensitivity to light, pain in the eyes and loss of vision are possible.
Inflammation and fever can cause loss of appetite. Stomach disorders, nausea and vomiting are common. Babies and toddlers can become irritable, irritable and difficult to comfort. And excessive sleepiness is a symptom of meningitis, so it can be difficult to wake a sleeping child. Untreated meningitis can lead to coma.
Poor coordination, dizziness, and clumsiness may persist for some time after meningitis. Children may have emotional problems after the illness, including clinginess, moodiness and sleep disturbances.
Meningitis: Treatment, Types, Causes, Transmission, Vaccine, Prevention
When bacteria multiply in your bloodstream, they can release toxins (septicemia). Septicemia is a life-threatening condition. Bleeding under the skin starts to look like a mild rash. When blood pressure drops and circulation slows down, blood vessels are damaged.
The rash spreads and darkens to a dark red or dark purple color. Lungs and kidneys can deteriorate, and poor circulation leads to the risk of amputation of fingers, toes and feet.
Diagnostic testing may include a blood test to detect bacteria. If you are hospitalized, you may receive intravenous fluids, steroids, or antibiotics as part of your treatment.
When a fever occurs, the skin may appear red. When septicemia occurs and the blood vessels are damaged, you will see marks on the skin. At first, your skin may look a little bumpy. Symptoms of sepsis can be confused with minor scratches or a small rash. The rash can appear anywhere on the body.
The Epidemiology Of Acute Meningitis In Children In England And Wales
As the infection worsens, the rash spreads and darkens, eventually resembling large bruises. In some cases, the rash can cause permanent scarring.
A “glass test” can be used to check for meningitis. If you press a drinking glass on the rash, it should fade. If it’s meningitis, you can still see the rash clearly through the glass. Remember that the glass test is not 100 percent accurate. It is best to consult your doctor.
Meningitis often has a stiff neck and back. Turning the door in general can become difficult. In severe cases, the head, neck and back become painfully stiff and arched (opisthotonos). Babies and young children come into contact with opisthotons more often than older people. A baby with meningitis may hear a loud scream when you try to pick him up. Stiffness of the joints can last long after the disease has been cured, and the consequence can be arthritis.
In young children, a tight or bulging fontanelle (the soft spot on the baby’s head) is a sign of brain inflammation. If your child develops this symptom, see a doctor immediately.
The Many Causes Of Meningitis
Muscle weakness is a common symptom of meningitis both during the illness and in the following months. Muscle spasms, body aches or general weakness may occur in some parts of the body.
Has strict delivery guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions and medical societies. We avoid using third-level references. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and up-to-date by reading our editorial policy. Meningitis is a very serious condition that can eventually affect anyone. More commonly called a brain infection, it is an infection of the meninges, which is the membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis is associated with a high risk of death and can also lead to significant long-term complications or more serious sequelae. This disease is considered a major global health problem.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), meningitis can be caused by various organisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi. Meningitis can also be caused by other conditions, such as infections, cancer, trauma, or the use of certain medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Bacterial meningitis is considered the most dangerous type of meningitis. Studies show that 1 in 10 people who get it will die, and 1 in 5 will have long-term complications. Meningitis outbreaks occur all over the world, but one particularly severe outbreak is in sub-Saharan Africa.
How Could Meningitis Change Your Life Forever
All of the above symptoms can occur with meningitis, but this is not the rule. You may have meningitis and a fever may be your only symptom. Ultimately, symptoms vary from patient to patient.
Bacterial meningitis is an actual infection of the meninges, the membrane that covers the brain, that can flare up in just a few hours.
Bacterial meningitis can affect almost anyone. Categories of people at risk of developing bacterial meningitis include:
Bacterial meningitis is a common disease among students or military personnel because they are in close contact with other people on a daily basis.
Symptoms Of Meningitis In Toddlers, Risks, And Treatment
For example, young children may vomit and refuse to eat because of a fever. They can also become very irritable as the fluid that protects the brain can become blocked and the head begins to swell.
The most common symptoms of bacterial meningitis in adults and teenagers are fever, headache and stiff neck. In addition, people with bacterial meningitis can become easily confused and seem very irritable. There may also be a risk of stroke and seizures.
The causes of bacterial meningitis are sometimes unknown, because it can occur for no apparent reason, because usually the bacteria that stimulate meningitis have been present in the patient’s body for a long time.
Although acute bacterial meningitis is the most common type of meningitis, any patient with it has a 10% risk of death. If bacterial meningitis is diagnosed early and effective treatment is started in time, the result should be positive in most cases.
How Meningitis Is Diagnosed
Bacterial meningitis can be diagnosed by physical examination. During this test, the specialist will look for a reddish or purple rash and will also examine the knee joint and hip joint. Neck stiffness is another symptom that a specialist looks for. To determine what type of meningitis the patient is suffering from; a specialist should perform an analysis of the spinal fluid test. In addition, blood and urine samples, as well as nasal and pharyngeal mucosal samples, may be required.
The sooner a patient goes to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment, the less likely they are to have long-term or even permanent complications.
Bacterial meningitis can usually be treated with antibiotics. As soon as symptoms of meningitis appear, the doctor prescribes a general intravenous antibiotic with a corticosteroid to reduce inflammation and calm the infection. This prescription is often written before the test results are available. After receiving the test results, the doctor may change the antibiotic to a more specific antibiotic that targets the bacteria that caused the meningitis.
It is highly recommended to drink as much water as possible during treatment, as sweating, vomiting or diarrhea can dehydrate the body.
Meningitis: Signs, Symptoms And Complications
It is really important to know that bacterial meningitis can be contagious. Generally, if you have bacterial meningitis, it should be stopped after 24 hours of antibiotic therapy. Anyone who was in close contact with you before you were diagnosed with bacterial meningitis should start preventive treatment. You may need to notify the relevant health authorities in accordance with national regulations.
Bacterial meningitis can be prevented with a vaccine. There are two types of vaccines against bacterial meningitis. The first type of vaccine is called meningococcal conjugate and the second type is called serogroup B meningococcal vaccine.
The first type of vaccine, the meningococcal conjugate, is recommended for children aged 11 to 12 years (i