How Do You Know If Birth Control Pill Is Working

How Do You Know If Birth Control Pill Is Working – More than 10 million women in the US currently use birth control pills or “the pill”.

Many women use birth control pills not only to relieve some of the symptoms associated with their menstrual cycle or “period”, such as acne, anemia due to heavy menstrual bleeding, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder ( PMDD). , Women with PMDD suffer from very severe depression, stress, or irritability before menstruation. Birth control pills can also be used to treat the often painful symptoms of endometriosis.

How Do You Know If Birth Control Pill Is Working

According to a report by the Guttmacher Institute, more than 58% of women who take oral contraceptives because of acne, anemia, or PMDD use them partially. In August 2012, as part of the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare), birth control pills were made free by all health insurance plans, except for plans provided by employers with religious exemptions. [5]

How To Decide Which Birth Control Is Right For You

With dozens of FDA-approved birth control pills on the market, doctors and patients need to know how they work and how they’re tested so they can decide which pill is best to use. Some give a single dose of hormone for an entire month. Others contain different types of hormones and you may have periods several times a year. Some pills also use different types of hormones in different doses. New forms of the oral contraceptive pill are introduced every few years, with some controversy increasing the potential for dangerous side effects. Understanding how birth control pills work and how the FDA determines whether they are safe and effective can help you navigate the process of choosing the right birth control pill for you.

During the menstrual cycle, there is an increase in two hormones, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and estrogen, which leads to the development of a mature egg in the ovary. Next, ovulation occurs when another hormone, luteinizing hormone (LH), increases and causes the release of the hormone progesterone. Progesterone is important because it allows the lining of the uterus to thicken, creating the environment needed for a fertilized egg to attach.

Birth control pills contain synthetic forms of estrogen and progesterone. These synthetic hormones help keep your body’s natural levels of estrogen and progesterone stable so that the egg doesn’t ripen and the lining of the uterus never develops enough to implant a fertilized egg. Regulating these hormones in such a way also thickens the cervix, making it more difficult for sperm to reach the egg.

If a woman takes the birth control pill every day, she will never menstruate. However, most monthly birth control pill packages contain one weekly pill that does not contain any hormones. These “placebo” or sugar pills reinforce the habit of taking pills every day, so women don’t miss taking the hormone pills that actually prevent pregnancy. Women typically shed their uterine lining, which causes bleeding similar to a “period,” during the four to seven days after taking the placebo pill.

Female Contraception: Birth Control Methods & Effectiveness

Bleeding while taking oral contraceptives is not a true period, as the lining of the uterus has not fully thickened and the egg has not been released. In other words, birth control pills don’t actually “regulate your periods,” they just make it appear that your periods are regular. This is why seasonal and other birth control pills can safely schedule your “period” only four times a year. With this pill, you choose only trimesters instead of monthly artificial menstruation. This is why some women do not have normal periods for several months after stopping birth control pills. The body’s natural hormonal response takes time to recover. However, it does not affect a woman’s ability to conceive.

Emergency contraception (the “morning-after pill”) is used after intercourse. They prevent pregnancy by delaying the release of an egg from the ovary and possibly by thickening cervical mucus and making “swimming conditions” unfavorable for sperm. It’s just that the egg and the sperm never meet. When women use emergency contraception before ovulation, they get pregnant at a very low rate. When women use emergency contraception after ovulation, they become pregnant more often than women who do not use emergency contraception. If emergency contraception prevents implantation, women who take it after ovulation will become pregnant at a lower rate than women who do not use emergency contraception. Plan B and Ella are the two most common emergency contraceptives. Plan B can be taken up to 72 hours after intercourse and Ella can be taken within 120 hours. Estimates of effectiveness at preventing pregnancy range from 52% to 94%. Reported side effects include nausea, vomiting, headache, breast tenderness, cramping, and fatigue.

Oral contraceptives used to contain high amounts of the hormone estrogen, but many birth control pills now contain a mixture of synthetic estrogens called progestins and very low-dose forms of synthetic progesterone. Manufacturers have reduced dosages over the years and introduced newer types of progestin in an effort to reduce side effects such as blood clots.

Birth control pills that contain a mix of estrogen and some type of progestin are known as combined oral contraceptives. Combined oral contraceptives differ in the types and amounts of estrogen and progestin. In addition to combined oral contraceptives, there are also progestin-only pills called “mini-pills,” which are commonly prescribed to women who breastfeed or are unable to take synthetic estrogen.

Can Covid 19 Affect The Use Of Contraception?

In general, older forms of progestins (called first- and second-generation progestins) reduce unwanted side effects such as increased blood sugar levels, but newer forms (called third- and fourth-generation progestins) reduce the risk of blood clots. increase the risk of compared to their predecessors. [1 1]

Although there are some risks to taking birth control pills, especially if you are over age 35, smoke, have a history of blood clots or breast cancer, and/or are breastfeeding, combined oral contraceptives prevent pregnancy. more secure than [12] Although pregnancy is generally safe for young, healthy women who have access to good prenatal care, there are health risks. One large study found that women who used oral contraceptives had a 12% lower mortality rate than women who never did. [13, 14] Women who use birth control pills have an increased risk of blood clots, but this risk is greater than the risk of blood clots during pregnancy and less until six weeks after delivery (when later). it happens. Additionally, women who use oral contraceptives have a lower risk of ovarian, endometrial, and colorectal cancer.

Birth control pills increase your risk of blood clots compared to not taking them, but because they are so effective at preventing pregnancy, the FDA approved birth control pills to be safer than not getting pregnant. Is. Again, this FDA approval doesn’t mean that birth control pills are completely safe—only that they’re safer than the alternative, namely pregnancy.

Research shows that taking birth control pills poses additional risks for women over 40. A 2013 study found that women over age 40 who used birth control pills for at least 3 years had an increased risk of developing cataracts, a degenerative eye disease that can eventually lead to blindness. [15] They were twice as likely to develop the condition as women of the same age who had not taken birth control pills for at least 3 years. Researchers believe this risk may be due to a decrease in estrogen when women take birth control, a hormone that contributes to the protection of our eyes. Because all women over the age of 40 are at higher risk of heart disease than younger women, and because birth control pills have previously been reported to carry a cardiovascular risk, women over 40 should consider using birth control. Consider another form of exercise which is equally effective. Those who remain on birth control pills should consider an annual eye exam to check for glaucoma, as well as an annual checkup to evaluate their heart health.

What Women Should Know When Choosing A Birth Control Option

New birth control pills are always introduced to the market, but newer doesn’t always mean better. For example, the synthetic progestin levonorgestrel, which has been on the market for decades, is safer than some of the newer synthetic progestins such as drospirenone. Recent research on drospirenone, which is in Yaz, Yasmin, and Beyaz (all made by Bayer, as well as Gianvi, Lorina, Osella, Safiral, Saida, and Zarah (common forms of Yasmin and Yaz)) suggests that it The pill is significantly more likely to cause potentially fatal blood clots.

To learn more about the risks of drospirenone (also known as DRSP), see Is the Bayer Pill Too Dangerous? You can read about one young woman’s harrowing experience at LetsToAnnie.org. Why not save money and reduce the risk of blood clots, which can spread throughout the body and become fatal, by choosing birth control pills with synthetic hormones?

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