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Half of people living with HIV die from the disease 5 years or more after contracting the virus – faster than any other group.
How Would I Know If I Have Hiv
7 out of 10 seriously ill people who were not tested for HIV in the past year saw a health care provider at that time. More than 75% of them failed the test.
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Fifty-nine percent of people who are at increased risk for HIV, 42% of people who inject drugs, and 29% of gays and bisexuals have not been tested for HIV in the last year.
* People at high risk of HIV infection are: 1) gay and bisexual people, 2) people who inject drugs, and 3) people who have sexual relations with people who are infected with HIV or HIV.
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Living With Hiv / Aids
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HIV is a virus that affects the immune system. Currently, there is no cure for HIV, but since the late 1980s, treatment in the form of antiretroviral drugs has been available to reduce the impact of any symptoms.
In most cases, when a person is infected with HIV, the virus remains in the body for life. However, the symptoms of HIV are different from the symptoms of other viral diseases because they appear in stages.
Flu And People With Hiv
If left untreated, there are three stages of death due to the disease. Everyone has different symptoms and problems.
But regular antiretroviral treatment can reduce HIV to undetectable levels in the blood. This means that the virus does not progress to the final stage of HIV infection or is transmitted to a partner during sex.
The first place to be diagnosed is the first HIV infection. This phase is called acute retroviral disease (ARS), or acute HIV infection.
Flu-like symptoms often occur, so at this stage some people think they have a severe flu or a serious infection rather than HIV. Fever is the most common symptom.
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, the first symptoms of HIV infection can appear 2 to 4 weeks after the initial exposure. They can last for weeks. However, some symptoms may appear within a few days.
ARS occurs when a person is infected with HIV. But this is not for everyone because, according to HIV.gov, symptoms may not appear for a decade or more.
Although the virus replicates rapidly within weeks of exposure, early HIV symptoms only occur when the level of cell damage is high.
This does not mean that asymptomatic HIV cases are less serious or that asymptomatic people cannot transmit the virus to others.
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After initial diagnosis and possible early infection, HIV can progress to a latent infection stage. Because some people have no symptoms, this is also called asymptomatic HIV infection.
According to HIV.gov, HIV can last 10 to 15 years. This means that the virus is slower than before. But that doesn’t mean HIV is gone, and it doesn’t mean the virus can’t be passed on to other people.
Symptoms of chronic HIV infection vary, from mild to severe. People may experience the following, especially in the early stages:
Clinically latent infection can progress to the third and final stage of HIV infection, known as AIDS. The risk of progression is higher if people with HIV do not receive or maintain treatment, such as antiretroviral therapy.
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) from the blood is a sign that HIV infection has reached its final stage. The normal range is 500 to 1,600 cells/mm
Sometimes AIDS is determined by a person’s general health – it happens when HIV has destroyed the body’s immune system, which causes AIDS-defining conditions, such as various diseases and cancers, which are rare in people without HIV.
People who are frequently infected with HIV are advised to be tested at least once a year. This may include people:
, and everyone has a different window period between when they get HIV and when the test detects the virus. If you have been exposed to HIV in the past 72 hours, post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) can prevent transmission.
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Nucleic acid tests can detect HIV between 10 and 33 days after exposure.
Antigen/antibody tests that use blood from a vein have a window period of 18 to 45 days, while fingerstick antigen/antibody tests can be used 23 to 90 days after exposure.
A good result is also checked with a follow-up test (also “validation test”). If the second test comes back positive, you will be diagnosed with HIV.
Finding out you have HIV can be difficult for some. But there are health professionals out there who can help – both physically and mentally.
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Your primary care doctor can help you directly or refer you to someone who has been diagnosed with HIV. Also, you can find a local doctor with HIV experience here.
It is important to start treatment as soon as HIV infection is detected. Contact your doctor or other healthcare professional if you develop new or serious symptoms.
The infection can be controlled with antiretroviral drugs. It should be taken at any time of HIV infection – even if there are no symptoms.
In the body by preventing replication, the level can be lowered enough to make the virus undetectable.
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Therefore, drugs help prevent the development of the disease, maintain quality of life, and can prevent the virus from spreading to others through sex.
You may receive a combination of drugs to prevent the virus from becoming resistant. Most people can’t see for six months.
If that doesn’t work, sexual partners can be protected by taking a drug called preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Condoms should also be used to prevent ejaculation during intercourse.
The amount of HIV in the blood and the viral load test and check the number of CD4 cells in the blood – this helps to diagnose the infection.
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When HIV infection progresses to AIDS, other medical interventions are often needed to treat the disease or AIDS-related complications.
The only 100 percent way to prevent HIV is to avoid using injecting equipment and having sex.
The first symptoms appear in a few weeks. However, some people have no symptoms until years later.
Regular testing is important if you are at risk of HIV infection. With prompt and accurate treatment, the disease and its symptoms can be controlled, helping you and your sexual partner stay healthy.
Common Hiv Symptoms In Women
Lauren Sharkey is a British journalist and author specializing in women’s issues. When they’re not trying to find ways to beat the odds, they can find answers to your health questions. She also wrote a book featuring young women activists around the world and is currently building an activist community. Catch him on Twitter.
This is a comprehensive research guide based on peer-reviewed research, academic research institutions, and medical associations. We do not use third party referrals. You can learn more about how to stay accurate and up-to-date by reading our corrections policy.
Our experts will continue to monitor the health and well-being situation and update our articles as new information becomes available. Although there is no cure for HIV, early detection and effective treatment can help people with HIV become normal. However, if HIV is not treated, it can progress
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