Invention Of Bulb By Thomas Alva Edison – Thomas Edison was a prolific inventor and innovative businessman who received a record number of 1,093 patents (single or joint) and was the driving force behind such innovations as the phonograph, incandescent lamp, alkaline battery and one of the first motion picture cameras. . He also established the world’s first industrial research laboratory. Known as the “Wizard of Menlo Park” from the city of New Jersey, where he created some of his most famous works, Edison became one of the most famous people in the world when he was in his 30s. In addition to his inventive talent, Edison was also a successful manufacturer who was very adept at marketing his inventions—and himself—to the public.
Thomas Alva Edison was born on February 11, 1847 in Milan, Ohio. He is the seventh and last child of Samuel Edison Jr. and Nancy Elliott Edison, and would be one of four to live to adulthood. At age 12, he developed a hearing loss—reportedly deaf in one ear, nearly deaf in the other—variously attributed to scarlet fever, mastoiditis, or a blow to the head.
Invention Of Bulb By Thomas Alva Edison
Thomas Edison had little formal education, and left school in 1859 to begin working on the railroad between Detroit and Port Huron, Michigan, where his family lived at the time. By selling food and newspapers to train passengers, he made an income of about 50 dollars per week, a lot of income at the time – especially for a 13-year-old boy.
Inventor And Physicist Thomas Alva Edison Looks At His Invention Of The Light Bulb (1911)
Did you know that when Thomas Edison died at the age of 84 on October 18, 1931, he had accumulated 1,093 patents: 389 for light and electricity, 195 for the phonograph, 150 for the telegraph, 141 for storage batteries and 34 for telephone. batteries.
During the Civil War, Edison learned about the developing telegraph technology, and traveled around the country working on the telegraph. But with the development of ear signals for the telegraph, he was soon unable to work on the telegraph.
To solve this problem, Edison began working on creating devices that would help him make things possible despite his deafness (including a printer that would convert electrical telegraph signals into letters). In early 1869, he left the telegraph to pursue the invention full time.
From 1870 to 1875, Edison worked in Newark, New Jersey, developing telegraph-related products for the Western Union Telegraph Company (then the industry leader) and its competitors. Edison’s mother died in 1871, and that same year he married 16-year-old Mary Stilwell.
History Of The First Lightbulb
Despite his fruitful work at the Telegraph, Edison faced financial difficulties in late 1875, but a year later – with the help of his father – Edison was able to establish a laboratory and machine shop in Menlo Park, New Jersey, 12 miles south of Nurk.
Along with the success of the “Invention Factory” in Menlo Park, some historians say that Edison was the inventor of the research and development (R&D) laboratory, a team-based collaborative model that was later copied by AT&T at Bell Labs. , DuPont’s experimental station, Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) and other R&D centers.
In 1877, Edison invented the carbon transmitter, a device that improved the audibility of the telephone by making it possible for sounds to be transmitted at a higher volume and more clearly.
In the same year, his work on the telegraph and telephone led him to invent the phonograph, which recorded sounds like cracks in paraffin-based paper; When the paper is moved under the pen, the sounds are repeated. The device immediately made a splash, although it was years before it was commercially produced and sold.
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In 1878, Edison focused on inventing a safe and cheap electric light to replace gas light – a challenge that scientists have been grappling with for the past 50 years. With the help of prominent financial backers such as JP Morgan and the Vanderbilt family, Edison created the Edison Electric Light Company and began research and development.
He made a breakthrough in October 1879 with a lamp using a platinum filament, and in the summer of 1880 struck bamboo charcoal as a viable substitute for filaments, proving the key to a durable, cheap light bulb. . In 1881 he founded an electric company in Newark, and the following year he moved his family (now with three children) to New York.
Although Edison’s early incandescent lighting systems had their problems, they were used in famous events such as the Lighting Exhibition in Paris in 1881 and the Crystal Palace in London in 1882.
Competitors, especially George Westinghouse, soon emerged as a proponent of alternating current or alternating current (as opposed to Edison’s direct current or direct current). By 1889, AC dominated the field, and Edison’s General Electric merged with another company in 1892 to become General Electric.
Download Free Photo Of Bulb,light,electricity,lamp,power
Edison’s wife, Mary, died in August 1884, and in February 1886 he remarried to Myrna Miller. They will have three children. He built a large estate called Glenmont and a research laboratory in West Orange, New Jersey, with facilities including a machine shop, library, and buildings for metallurgy, chemistry, and woodworking.
Using the work of others to improve the phonograph, he began working on creating a business model. He also had the idea of attaching a phonograph to a zoetrope, a device that combines a series of images so that the images appear to move. Working with William K.L. Dixon, Edison succeeded in creating a working motion picture camera, a kinetograph, and a viewing instrument, the kinetoscope, which he patented in 1891.
After years of heated legal battles with opponents of the nascent motion picture industry, Edison stopped working with motion pictures in 1918. Meanwhile, he had successfully developed an alkaline storage battery, which he originally operated as a power source for the phonograph but later gave away. of submarines and electric vehicles.
In 1912, automaker Henry Ford asked Edison to design a battery for the self-starter, to be featured in the iconic Model T. This collaboration began an ongoing relationship between the two great American entrepreneurs. .
Determination And The Light Bulb: Thomas A. Edison
Despite the relatively limited success of his later inventions (including his long struggle to perfect a magnetic ore separator), Edison continued to work well into his eighties. His rise from a poor uneducated railway worker to one of the most famous people in the world made him a national hero.
More than any other individual, he is credited with building the framework of modern technology and society in the age of electricity. His Glenmont estate—where he died in 1931—and West Orange Laboratory are now open to the public as the Thomas Edison National Historical Park.
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Thomas Edison applied for his first patent in 1868, when he was only 21 years old. The first idea of the famous inventor is a device that records legislative sounds. This was just the beginning of a career in which he was awarded 1,093 US medals. this. Patents, plus 500 more… Read more
Key Inventions By Thomas Edison
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