When Thomas Edison Invented The Lightbulb

When Thomas Edison Invented The Lightbulb – He has developed many devices in areas such as power generation, mass communication, sound recording and cinema.

These inventions, including the phonograph, video camera, and early versions of the electric light bulb, had a far-reaching impact on the modern industrialized world.

When Thomas Edison Invented The Lightbulb

He was one of the first to apply the principles of structured theory and teamwork to the creative process, working with many researchers and practitioners. He founded the first industrial laboratory.

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Edison grew up in the American Midwest. Early in his career, he worked as a telegraph operator, which inspired some of his early ideas.

In 1876 he established his first laboratory in Mlo Park, New Jersey, where many of his early ideas were developed. Later, he founded a botanical laboratory in Fort Myers, Florida in partnership with businessman Henry Ford and Harvey S. Firestone, and a laboratory in West Orange, New Jersey, which created the world’s first Black Maria film studio. With 1,093 US patents as well as patents in other countries, Edison is considered the most prolific inventor in American history.

Thomas Edison was born in Milan, Ohio in 1847 but grew up in Port Huron, Michigan after the family moved there in 1854.

He was the seventh and last child of Samuel Ogde Edison, Jr. (1804–1896, born in Marshalltown, Nova Scotia) and Nancy Matthews Elliott (1810–1871, born in Chango County, New York).

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His grandfather John Edeson fled New Jersey for Nova Scotia in 1784, his father emigrated to Vina, Ontario and fled after taking part in the 1837 rebellion.

Edison was taught to read, write and count by his mother, who used to be a school teacher. He was at school for only a few months. However, one biographer described him as a very inquisitive child who learned a lot from reading alone.

Edison developed hearing problems when he was 12 years old. The cause of his deafness has been linked to childhood scarlet fever and recurring untreated middle ear infections. He then created elaborate fictional stories about the cause of his deafness.

That Edison would record a music player or piano while sinking his teeth into wood to absorb the sound waves in his skull. As he grew older, Edison believed that hearing loss allowed him to avoid distractions and concentrate more easily at work. Modern historians and doctors suggest that he had ADHD.

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Early in his career, he is known to have taken a chemistry course at the Cooper Union to advance the sciences and arts to support his work on a new telematics system with Charles Batchelor. It seems that this was his only role in the university courses.

Thomas Edison began his career as a newspaperman selling newspapers, candy and vegetables on trains that ran from Port Huron to Detroit. At the age of 13, he was earning about $50 a week, most of which he received from buying equipment for electrical and chemical experiments.

Jimmy’s father, station agent J.W. Maczee of Mount Clems, Michigan, was so grateful to Edison for teaching him to be a telegraph operator. Edison’s first telegraph work outside of Port Huron was at Stratford Junction, Ontario on the Grand Trunk Railway.

He also studied qualitative analysis and performed chemical experiments until he quit, rather than being fired after being found guilty of a close collision between two trains.

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Edison was given the exclusive right to sell newspapers on the street, and with the help of four assistants, he typed and printed the Grand Trunk Herald, which he sold along with his other newspapers.

This marked the beginning of a long streak of Edison’s great gates as he discovered his talent as a businessman. Ultimately, his initiative was instrumental in the creation of some 14 companies, including Geral Electric, which remains one of the largest companies in the world.

In 1866, at the age of 19, Edison moved to Louisville, Kentucky, where he worked as a Western Union employee in the Associated Press office. Edison asked for the night shift, which gave him enough time for his two favorite activities – reading and experimenting. Maybe this last job cost him his job. One evening in 1867 he was working on a lead-acid battery where he stored sulfuric acid on the ground. He slides between the floorboards onto his boss’s table below. Edison was fired the next morning.

His first patent was for an electric tape recorder, US Patt 90,646, which was issued on June 1, 1869.

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Finding little demand for the car, Edison moved to New York shortly thereafter. One of his parents in those early years was a fellow telegrapher and inventor named Franklin Leonard Pope, who allowed poor youth to live and work in the basement of his Elizabeth, New Jersey home while Edison worked for Samuel Lowes on the indicator. gold. worked . Company. Pope and Edison started their own company in October 1869, working as electrical engineers and concept developers. Edison began developing a multiplex telephone system that sends two messages at the same time in 1874.

Edison’s great innovation was the creation of an industrial laboratory in 1876. It was built in Mloe Park, part of Raritan Township (now named Edison Township after him) in Middlesex County, New Jersey, with proceeds from the sale of Edison. quadrilateral telegraph. After demonstrating the telegraph, Edison was unsure if his original plan to sell it for $4,000 to $5,000 was the right one, so he asked Western Union to make an offer. He was surprised to learn that they offered $10,000 ($239,500 in today’s dollars).

The quadruplex telegraph was Edison’s first major financial success, and Mlo Park was the first institution established with the specific goal of constantly producing technological innovation and improvement. Edison is legitimately credited with most of the proposals made there, although many of the staff did research and development under his direction. His collaborators were usually told to follow his direction in research, and he pushed them hard to get results.

William Joseph Hammer, a consulting electrical engineer, joined Edison and began his career as a laboratory assistant in December 1879. He helped with experiments on the telephone, the phonograph, the electric railway, the iron separator, electric lighting, and other developments. However, Hammer worked mainly on the electric incandescent lamp and became responsible for testing and recording this device (see Hammer’s Historical Collection of Electric Incandescent Lamps). In 1880 he was appointed superintendent of the Edison Lamp Works. In its first year, the factory had 50,000 lamps under the direction of General Manager Francis Robbins Upton. According to Edison, Hammer was “the discoverer of the electric light bulb”.

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Frank J. Sprague, an accomplished mathematician and former naval officer, was recruited by Edward H. Johnson and joined the Edison organization in 1883. One of Sprague’s contributions to Edison’s Mlo Park lab was an extension of Edison’s mathematical methods. Despite popular belief that Edison did not use mathematics, analysis of his notebooks shows that he enthusiastically used the calculus used by his assistants such as Francis Robbins Upton, for example, in determining the critical parameters of his electric lighting. completed. system, including lamp resistance. with an analysis of Ohm’s law, Joule’s law and economics.

Nearly all of Edison’s inventions were tools that were protected for 17 years and contained suggestions or methods that were electrical, mechanical, or chemical in nature. Approximately 10,000,000 design marks protect decorative structures for up to 14 years. As in most cases, the proposals he describes are an improvement on the previous art. On the other hand, the applause for the phonograph was unprecedented when he described the first device for recording and reproducing sound.

In just a decade, Edison’s lab at Mlo Park expanded to cover two city blocks. Edison said he wanted the lab to have “a supply of almost every conceivable substance”.

A newspaper article printed in 1887 shows the seriousness of his claim, which states that the laboratory “8 thousand kinds of substances, all kinds of screws, all sizes of needles, all kinds of cord or wire, hair of people, horses, pigs, includes Cows, rabbits, goats, minxes, camels… Silk of all textures, porpoises, sharks of various kinds, shark teeth, deer antlers, turtle shells… Cork, resin, varnish and oil, striped feathers, peacock tails, jet, amber, rubber, all ores…” and the list goes on.

Edison Works On His Lightbulb, Thomas Edison. 1880 1886

Above his desk, Edison hung a poster with Sir Joshua Reynolds’ famous quote: “There is no speed that a man does not use to avoid right thought.”

At Mlo Park, Edison established the first industrial laboratory that handled knowledge and controlled its use.

Photograph of Edison with his phonograph (2nd model) at Matthew Brady’s studio in Washington, DC. April 1878

Edison began his career as an inventor in Newark, New Jersey with his automatic repeater and other advanced telegraph devices, but the first idea that caught his attention was the phonograph in 1877.

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This achievement was so unexpected for the public

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