When Was The First Temple Built

When Was The First Temple Built – 31°46’41″N. 35°14’07″E / 31.778013°N 35.235367°N / 31.778013; 35.235367 coordinates: 31°46’41″N. 35°14’07″E / 31.778013°N 35.235367°N / 31.778013; 35.235367

The First Temple’) is a temple in Jerusalem believed to have existed between the 10th and 6th centuries BC. Its supposed existence is based largely on accounts from the Hebrew Bible, which was commissioned by the biblical King Solomon and then destroyed during the siege of Jerusalem by King Nebuchadnezzar II of the Neo-Babylonian Empire in 587 BC.

When Was The First Temple Built

Most modern scholars agree that the first temple existed on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem during the Babylonian siege, but there is considerable debate over the date of construction and the identity of the builder.

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The Hebrew Bible, especially the Book of Kings, contains detailed descriptions of the order of Solomon, the last ruler of a united Israel and Judah. He also identified Solomon as the compiler of the Ark of the Covenant in the Holy of Holies, a windowless inner Temple.

Access to the Holy Spirit was severely restricted. The high priest of Israel was the only authority over the holy place, and he did so only on Yom Kippur when the blood of the sacrificial lamb was burned with the incense.

The first temple functioned not only as a religious building for worship, but also as a gathering place for the Israelites.

The destruction of the First Temple and the subsequent Babylonian exile were both events seen as the fulfillment of biblical prophecy, and thus influenced the religious beliefs of Judaism, leading to the transition of the Israelites from polytheism or monotheism (as in Judaism) to established Jewish monotheism. made the transition easier.

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In the past, many scholars accepted the biblical story of Solomon building the first temple as truth. However, in the 1980s, a skeptical approach to the biblical text and the archaeological record led some scholars to question the existence of a 10th century BC temple in Jerusalem.

Some scholars argue that Solomon’s first building was relatively modest and was later rebuilt on a larger scale.

Excavations around the Temple Mount in the 9th and early 20th centuries failed to identify any “remains” of the legendary complex.

Two 21st century finds from prehistoric Israel resemble Solomon’s Temple as described in the Hebrew Bible. Then there is the 9th century BC temple of Tel Mozza near Mozza in West Jerusalem.

Old Testament, The Temple Of Solomon Was The First Holy Temple Of The Ancient Israelites, Located In Jerusalem And Built By King Solomon, 3d Render Isolated On White Background Stock Photo, Picture

According to the Bible, Solomon’s temple was built on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, where the angel of God appeared to David (2 Chronicles 3:1). This place was originally a storehouse bought by David from Araunah the Jebusite (2 Samuel 24:18-25; 2 Chronicles 3:1).

Schmid and Rupprecht think the temple site was a Jebusite sanctuary chosen by Solomon to try to unite the Jebusites with the Israelites.

The exact location of the temple is unknown. They are believed to have been located on a hill with the Dome of the Rock, the Second Temple in the 1st century AD, and the Temple Mount in an earlier period.

Jerusalem was rebuilt in modern times in the Walled Jerusalem National Park during the reign of Solomon (10th century BC). The temple stood on Mount Moriah before it was expanded by King Herod in the 1st century BC.

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According to 1 Kings, the foundation of the temple was laid on Shiv in February in the 4th year of Solomon’s reign, and the construction of the temple was finished by fire in the 8th month of the 11th year of Solomon, so it took about 7. years.

The Hebrew Bible says that the Tyrians played a leading role in the construction of the temple. 2 Samuel describes how David made a covenant with Hiram.

This indifference continues after Suleiman Davud and the two call each other brothers. Literary accounts of Hiram helping Solomon build the temple are found in 1 Kings (5–9) and 2 Chronicles (2–7).

Hiram agreed to Solomon’s request to provide cedar and pine trees for the construction of the temple.

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He told Solomon that he would split a tree in the sea.

After the temple and palace were completed (which took 13 more years), Solomon surrendered 20 cities near Tire in northwest Galilee to pay Iram.

And Iram did not like the gift, and asked: “My brother, what are these cities that you have given me?” Hiram calls them “the land of Cain,” and the author of 1 Kings 9 says they are called by that name “to this day.”

The book of Second Chronicles fills in some plot details that do not appear in the story of 1 Kings. The wood used for the boat is said to have come from the city of Jaffa in the Mediterranean.

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In exchange for wood, Solomon gave Hiram holy wine in addition to wheat and oil.

1 Kings 8:1-9 and 2 Chronicles 5:2-10 indicate that the Feast of Tabernacles was held in the seventh month of the year.

The priests and the Levites brought the Ark of the Covenant from the City of David and placed it in the Temple.

We find the dedication of the temple in 1 Kings 8:10-66 and 2 Chronicles 6:1-42. When the priests left the Holy of Holies after taking the Ark of the Covenant, the temple was filled with a great cloud, which stopped the dedication ceremony.

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“The glory of the Lord filled the temple of the Lord, so that the priests could not serve” (1 Kings 8:10-11; 2 Chronicles 5:13, 14). Solomon interpreted the cloud as “[evidence] of acceptance of his piety.”

“The Lord said: “You live in darkness. I have built a high temple for you, where you will live forever” (1 Kings 8:12-13).

The Lord said to Moses: -Tell Aaron, your brother, he must never enter inside the curtain of the temple, in the seat on top of the building, otherwise he will not die.

The Pulpit Commtary remarks that “Solomon had every license to combine dark clouds with theophany.”

What Is The Temple Mount?

When Solomon noted that the construction of the temple was the fulfillment of God’s promise to David and that he dedicated the temple as a place of prayer and reconciliation for the Israelites and foreigners living in Israel, Solomon prayed for the entire community of Israel . This emphasizes the paradox that God, who lives in great trouble, cannot actually be inside a building. The dedication ceremony ended with a musical celebration and the slaughter of “22,000 head of cattle and 120,000 sheep.”

This offering was brought outside the temple, “in the middle of the court before the temple of the Lord.”

The feast lasted eight days and “a great assembly [gathered] from Hamath to the city of Egypt attended”.

After the consecration, Suleiman dreamed that God heard his prayers. Let the Israelites turn away from the four ways they can impress God: humility, prayer and bad manners.

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On the contrary, if they turn away from God’s commandments and serve other gods, God will leave the temple.

According to the biblical story, Solomon’s temple was looted many times. In the fifth year of Rehoboam’s reign (generally 926 BC), the Egyptian pharaoh Chishak (attributed to Shosha I) took the treasures of the temple and palace, as well as the golden shields made by Solomon. Rehoboam replaced them with brass (1 Kings 14:25; 2 Chronicles 12:1-12). A century later, King Joash of the northern kingdom of Israel marched on Jerusalem, broke down part of the wall, and took the treasures of the temple and the palace (2 Kings 14:13-14). Later, when Rezin of Aram-Damascus and Pekah of Israel threatened Ahaz of Judah, he came to Tiglath-Pileser IV for help. To convince him, he “took the gold and silver from the treasury of the Lord’s temple and the treasury of the king’s palace, and gave the silver to the king of Assyria” (2 Kings 16:8). At another critical moment, Hezekiah cut the gold from the temple gates and thresholds.

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