When Was The Razor Blade Invented – “I got up and tried to shave with a razor, so that every time I scratched my face I got the plague. Often by shaving I partially avoid the evil of these razors.
Did King Camp Gillette really invent the safety razor? Gillette’s 1895 invention, he claimed, was a real innovation: a razor with a thin, flexible, double-edged blade that could be thrown away when dull. The ads proudly proclaimed that there was no delay, no honor. But before Gillette, many inventors tried to make razors that were safer than the common “cut throat” type. Addison
When Was The Razor Blade Invented
Apparently, the newly invented star had not yet seen a safety razor, and certainly had less time to invent a shaving device. Many other entrepreneurs did the same. Between 1864 and December 1901, when Gillette filed its patent application, more than 100 razor protection or safety patents were applied for and granted by the United States Patent Office. Designs have been patented in France, England and no doubt elsewhere. Here are some of Gillette’s predecessors in roughly chronological order to the invention of the Combstar razor in 1880, the first razor to be described as a “safety” razor. he owes us
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Dedicated to past and present enthusiasts who have preserved and researched these artifacts. There are undoubtedly many more examples waiting to be rediscovered.
Who was the first to create a safety razor? This honor is believed to have been given to Jean-Jacques Perret (1730-1784) of Paris, France, master cutter and author of the famous Pogonotomy, au L’Art D’Apprende à se Raser Sol-Méme (Pogonotomie or Art). from shaving). himself) in 1769 and L’Art du Coutelier (The Cutler’s Art) in 1771. In an earlier paper, Perret described the Rasoir à rabot shaving plane he had invented in 1762. enclosing a simple folding thread, allowing only a small portion of the edge to accidentally cut off part of the ear when shaving. Perritt developed and sold his razor guard, but apparently did not patent it. In 1787, a German publication reported that a Paris m. [Monsieur] Leitin invented the “Rasiermesser à rabot” with which one could cut oneself without fear of injury. It comes with a 6 month warranty. From the name, this shaver may be based on the pirate concept.
According to Torsten Schölin’s research, a German trade journal in July 1799 introduced Friedrich Rasermesser (pacific or quiet ocean liner) and said it was a new British idea. Razors were manufactured by Harwood & Company in England and sold by Johann Christoph Roeder in Leipzig, Germany. It was presented in a green velvet bag with a pair of leather shoes, one black and one red, housed in a red leather case with a box.
The Friedlische Rasiermesser was featured in a German publication in 1936 and described as the forerunner of the safety razor of the 1800s. It was a folding razor with a detachable “frame blade”. An example of this shaver is shown on the right with the Poynton label.
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On January 10, 1847, William Samuel Hansen of Somerset, England applied for a patent for a removable comb tooth guard for a folding razor and another razor with a guard to the same … and some like it in the form of a common box. The handle is attached to the short forged blade by screwing it into the threaded hole. This may be the first patent for a guard razor and one of the first razors to use a short razor as a blade. Hanson specifically states that it is not novel “the use or adaptation of a guard or guard to an ordinary razor,” but rather a new method of attaching the guard. The Hanson guard appears to extend slightly beyond the edge of the blade.
Henson, an engineer who worked in the lace business, became known as an aviation visionary. Together with John Stringfellow, he designed and patented a steam-powered airplane in 1842, which they called the “Aerial Steam Engine.”
In 1851, Charles Stewart & Co., Charing Cross, London exhibited a folding recliner they had developed. Based on Hansen’s 1847 patent, it featured a removable, retractable tooth post secured at the top by a single screw. The conservator called it a Plantagenet razor and stamped it with the royal initials V-Crown-R, indicating that it was made during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). In 1887, Oliver Wendell Holmes wrote: “The idea of a guard edge is an old one; I remember a ‘Plantagenet’ razor with a row of comb teeth that left just enough edge to do its job. Holmes’s memory was not entirely accurate, the guards They stretched a little over the wall.
In March 1864, John Kinloch of Philadelphia filed a patent for a tooth guard close to Hansen’s design. At the time, Kinloch was in Company K, 71st Pennsylvania Infantry. As part of the Union Army of the Potomac, the 71st participated in some of the major battles of the Civil War, including Antietam (1862) and Gettysburg (1863). Kinloch survived the war and died in 1896, according to military pension records. His patent describes the purpose of his invention: by placing a guard, “…it can be used by disabled or injured persons without the risk of cutting their faces. And by those who have to sharpen themselves in situations and conditions where both can to use. tedious and dangerous to use with a normal razor. The advantage was that it could be used on both sides of the blade (which the Hansen guard could not). Hansen’s design.
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An 1877 guard razor (unfortunately less guard) was offered by Bernard Levin Knifemakers of Old San Francisco. The router was built by Michael Price, a renowned San Francisco-based carver and importer. The piece has a shoulder cut out to accommodate the guard and probably differs from the Hanson or Kinloch attachment method. In 1878, Price advertised itself as “the world’s leading manufacturer of safety razors.”
This heavy-duty razor, weighing approximately 2-1/2 ounces, was patented in France in December 1879. By François Durand, Eugène Louis Boussin and Jean Jules Broad, all Paris. The example below is marked with A.K / Paris. The razor has a single fixed blade edge and a roller blade. Both the handle and the blade pivot on the end of the guard, which is adjusted by two screws. The cutting edge of the AK blade is 2-1/16 inches long and 7/8 inches deep. An 1881 US patent also shows a design adapted from the traditional safety razor.
The likeness of the Erasor Guard to pyrite was discovered in 1881 by Lucius G. Patented by Allen of Springfield, Massachusetts. But instead of wood, it was made of “thin spring metal… hard rubber or other suitable materials.” As Elaine explained, the metal or other material must be flexible enough to hold the blade.
An L-shaped guard using a short forged blade was patented in 1874 and 1875 by John Monks of Gloucester, England. The US patent was issued in 1878. Simple design, it can be made from one piece of metal. It was “intended for shaving, but can be used to cut hair or remove hair from the skin of any animal”. This word probably inspired the somewhat irreverent term “red scraper” from the patent (the French prefer the rasair robot).
Antiques: Safety Razors Are A Well Honed Subject
An improved version of this razor “designed to facilitate the adjustment of the blade in the holder” was patented in 1879 by Pierre-Lucien Fontaine of Chartres, France. The US patent (above) was issued in January 1881. Razors based on the Monks and Fontaine patents were manufactured or sold by the American Safety Razor Company (Etret), John Watts (England) and August Bain (France). Other razors have similar names, such as Pogontome (below) and Model L.N. (France), Astor, Phil, Kamal, Guardia, Avanta and Victor. They differed in terms of the structure of the flat handle and the means of placing the axe.
Image from Monks 1878 US patent. Figure 5 shows a variation using a clip to attach a thin, stiff “frame blade,” the forerunner of today’s monocoque bicycle blade.
Similar to American Safety Razor
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