Where Was The Train Invented

Where Was The Train Invented – Where were the trains found? In this article, we present a two-part article dealing with this topic and one with the topic of the first passenger train.

Long before the advent of rail transportation in the United States and around the world, there were few other ways to move people and goods.

Where Was The Train Invented

For centuries, four-legged animals (horses, donkeys, donkeys, camels, etc.) were a proven method of land transportation, and wind-powered or hand-powered vessels were used across rivers, lakes, and oceans. Only the invention of the steam engine was accidental.

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Appearing in the early 18th century, this device was not found in America until the early 19th century, some sixty years after the signing of the Declaration of Independence.

In fact, it has always been this way throughout human history and didn’t change a bit until the 19th century.

Western Maryland 4-6-2 #208 has only RPO/baggage and coach on August 23, 1952 pulling east from the beautiful rail yard in Cumberland, MD. Photo by Bob Collins.

Perhaps the first to recognize the enormous advantages of steam propulsion, at least in the United States, was inventor Oliver Evans, who said in 1819: “I truly believe that steam-powered carriages will come into general use and run at speeds of 300. miles a day.”

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However, things changed after 1804 when Richard Trevithick and Andrew Vivian built the first steam locomotive for the Penidaran Narrows Railway in Wales.

Later, the first American-designed example, now known as the Tom Thumb, was tested on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in 1829 (the Peter Cooper-built locomotive actually lost a horse race [barely!], which was more than its power). proved something.as a reliable source of mechanical transport).

Other early steam locomotives of note include the Stourbridge Lion, America, John Bull (all of which came to the US from English builders) and Charleston’s Best Friend (see Steam Locomotive for more on these machines).

Thus began the age of steam and better, more efficient transportation. Moreover, the steam locomotive was also the main driving force behind the settlement of America west of the Appalachian Mountains.

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In general, the first passenger trains were relatively dangerous, especially in the early years of the railroad industry. Although steam provided a faster and more efficient means of transportation, it did not mean a safer mode of transportation.

The B&O, Mohawk & Hudson, Albany & Schenectady, South Carolina Canal & Railroad, and others, our nation’s first railroads, mostly used trial and error to discover what worked and what didn’t, unfortunately sometimes leading to injuries and deaths. .

To make matters worse, poor construction practices and lack of government oversight caused many deaths and injuries during the 19th century as the railroad attempted to build new railroads and rapidly expand its network.

Early railroad practices, for example, involved the use of simple large stones to support the track structure, which quickly sank into the ground.

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In addition, early designs of cast iron rails over wooden rails produced deadly “snake heads” when they broke, destroying the wooden floors of passenger cars and sometimes killing the passengers inside.

Boston & Albany 4-6-4 #600 (J-2) carries a group of passengers through the Berkshire Mountains of western Massachusetts in the 1950s.

As industry expanded greatly in the 1850s, railroad magnates with endless bank accounts were more interested in making money for themselves than in public safety (this foresight of safety helped create strict, sometimes unbearable government regulations, which later led to the near the collapse of the industry in the 1960s and 1970s).

Additional problems for early passenger trains included Native American sabotage and raids, especially a problem in western states where Native Americans fought for control of their lands.

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After years of bitter fighting, for better and for worse, the truce finally prevented the Indians from giving up and accepting peace (which led to many Indian reservations today).

When was the train invented? The answer to this question is not as clear as it seems at first glance.

Two centuries of railway development passed before George Stephenson was credited with the design and development of the Stockton and Darlington railways in Britain.

After striking the rails on September 27, 1825, it soon entered the country where the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company Foster, Rustrick & Company’s 0-4-0 was testing.

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Also, the earliest work that can be called a railway was found in England, a device with wooden rails was invented in 1630, and then wooden ties were used for support.

It was used only for processing coal. The 18th century saw the invention of many devices such as the iron rail, the flanged wheel and the steam engine, which were later used in railways.

The railway was officially invented in 1802 when Englishmen Richard Trevithick and Andrew Vivian received a patent for the world’s first steam locomotive.

The little nameless engine was put into tram service at the Penydarren Ironworks in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales on 21 February 1804.

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That day it transported 10 tonnes of iron to nearby Abercinen and thus the railway was officially born. But George Stevenson is again credited with launching the first modern railway nearly two decades later, perhaps because he gained wider recognition.

It is also owned by the Stockton and Darlington Railway, which has the honor of running the first passenger train. On that morning in September 1825, the train carried 12 coal wagons and a load of sacks of flour over Gowles Bridge to the bottom of the West Bank in Brusselston.

As the train arrives at Shildon Lane End, locomotive no. and a rather large train with 21 additional coal cars, specially fitted with seats, accommodating nearly 600 spectators!

Some were driving coal trucks, so officials were there about twice as many as planned. The Stockton and Darlington Company was very successful and pioneered the use of this railroad in America and around the world!

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Over the years, the track structure and equipment have changed. In 1831, Robert L. of the Camden and Amboy Railroad. Stevens produced the common “T-Rail”, which is still only used as a railroad.

First iron, then stronger steel. Railroad workers also discovered that stone gravel (called ballast) acts as a solid foundation that doesn’t give as well as large blocks of rock (because it’s more forgiving).

Other important inventions for early passenger trains (as well as freight trains) included the 1868 Major Eli H. Janney’s cam clutch was included—replacing the deadly tie-and-pin system that often caused mutilation of limbs and fingers—and George Westinghouse’s pneumatic brakes were introduced. A year later, in 1869.

This new device provided a constant stream of pressurized air that could automatically brake an entire train in an instant, instead of the conductor having to perform the dangerous task of walking on the roofs of the cars of a moving train to manually brake each car.

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Chesapeake & Ohio 4-8-4 “Greenbrier” #600 (named “Thomas Jefferson”) and 2-8-4 “Kanawa” #2740 (K-4) eastbound from Clifton-Forge, Virginia in 1947. Player” executes. Photo by Roberto Le Massena.

All of these early inventions are still widely used in industry more than a century later. The early equipment of railroads was, of course, quite primitive with passenger cars consisting mainly of simple horse-drawn stagecoaches, with iron wheel axles simply mounted on the bottom.

Technology advanced rapidly with two-axle trucks (these devices typically used two-wheeled axles mounted on a cast frame to support the vehicle, as well as provide cushioning during travel via springs and suspension) and by 1830 the standard passenger carriage (a) was adopted. A carriage with long, corridor-like seats on either side and a central aisle) was developed in the same decade.

Along with these basic devices introduced in the 1850s for early passenger trains and for the industry as a whole, new and better technology helped make train travel more comfortable, efficient and faster (safety and comfort would continue to improve in the years to come). .

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Santa Fe 4-8-4 #3758 arrives in Santa Ana, California on July 3, 1952 for a fan tour. Photo by Tom Gildersleeve.

These include special cabins such as dining cabins, sleeping cabins, club cabins, saloon cabins and sightseeing cabins. Perhaps the most famous passenger cars to run on rails were those built by George Pullman and his Pullman Palace Car Company, who began manufacturing automobiles in 1867 (later reorganized as the Pullman Car Company).

It was headquartered in Pullman, Illinois, and its cars were popular from the late 1800s through the mid-1940s through the heyday of passenger rail service. While the company may be best known for its bedrooms, it has also designed other types of vehicles such as lounges and restaurants.

In the 20th century, especially in the 1920s, train travel was really smooth, comfortable; Cars were stronger (steel and later aluminum), quieter and offered increased comfort and accommodation. brothers

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